alexa Determination of minor and trace volatile compounds in wine by solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Hydrology: Current Research

Author(s): Lpez R, Aznar M, Cacho J, Ferreira V

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Abstract A new method for the quantitative determination of important wine odorants has been developed. The wine (50 ml) is extracted in a 200 mg solid-phase extraction (SPE) cartridge filled with Lichrolut-EN resins from Merck. The elution is carried out with 1.3 ml of dichloromethane. These extracts are directly analyzed by GC-Ion Trap-MS without further concentration. Twenty-seven important wine odorants, such as volatile phenols, vanillin derivatives, aliphatic lactones, nor-isoprenoids, minor esters and terpenols, can be quantitatively determined in a single gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) run. The recoveries in the SPE isolation are in good agreement with those expected from the calculation of breakthrough volumes from solid-liquid distribution coefficients and are higher than 90\%, except for guaiacol, vanillin, 2,6-dimethoxyphenol and 4-vinylphenol. In most cases, precision is below 10\%. Method linearity is satisfactory, with r2 higher than 0.99 in all cases. The analysis of spiked samples has shown that there is good agreement between the real mass of compound added to the wine and that determined by analysis. In all cases detection limits are below the odor detection threshold of the compounds, and the calibrated interval covers the natural range of occurrence of the compounds in wine.
This article was published in J Chromatogr A and referenced in Hydrology: Current Research

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