alexa Determination of the relative avidity of the specific IgG antibodies in human toxocariasis.


Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology

Author(s): Dziemian E, Zarnowska H, KoodziejSobociska M, Machnicka B

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Human toxocariasis is a zoonosis caused by infection with larvae of the ascarid nematode Toxocara canis and, less frequently, T. cati. Our study developed a method for distinguishing distant from recent human toxocariasis by assessing the avidity of the IgG antibodies. The avidity of specific antibodies increases with time after antigen challenge and assessment of the degree of avidity can be used to discriminate between recent and distant infections. The relative avidity was measured in 150 sera from children with visceral toxocariasis and in 46 sera from children with ocular toxocariasis. The probable time of infection was estimated on the basis of the medical history and clinical syndrome. Our study showed that 94.2\% of positive sera collected from patients reporting infection > 6 months ago had high IgG avidity values, confirming distant toxocariasis, whereas 25.9\% of positive sera taken < 6 months after infection showed low indices of IgG avidity. Our results suggest that measurement of the specific IgG avidity may assist in discriminating between recent and distant toxocariasis. The method can be used effectively to rule out (because of high avidity) a recently acquired infection. Low avidity is less reliable in discriminating between recent and distant infections. This article was published in Parasite Immunol and referenced in Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version