Author(s): Pospsilov M, Polsek M, Jokl V
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Abstract Cationic capillary isotachophoresis (ITP) with conductometric detection has been used for separating and determining milligram amounts of tramadol [2-dimethylaminomethyl-1-(3-methoxyphenyl)-cyclohexanol hydrochloride] (I) in seven commercial mass-produced pharmaceutical preparations. The optimised ITP electrolyte system consisted of 5 mM potassium picolinate + 5 mM picolinic acid (pH 5.25) as the leading electrolyte and 10 mM formic acid as the terminating electrolyte. The driving and detection currents were 50 microA (for 320 s) and 10 microA, respectively (a single analysis took 12-15 min). Under such conditions the effective mobility of I was determined as 24.26 x 10(-9) m2 V(-1) s(-1) (with tetraethylammonium ion as standard); thermodynamic pKa value of I was 9.44 +/- 0.03 (n = 8) as determined by UV spectrophotometry at 25 degrees C and I = 0.01 (NaCl). The calibration graph relating the ITP zone length to the concentration of I was rectilinear (r = 0.99997) in the range 15-180 mg l(-1) of I. The relative standard deviation (RSD) was 0.21\% (n = 6) when determining 60 mg l(-1) of I in pure test solution. Sample pre-treatment of the dosage forms involved dilution or extraction of I with water (for suppositories the extraction was carried out in an ultrasonic bath at 40 degrees C for 10 min). The method was suitable for determining 50 or 100 mg ml(-1) of I in injections and drops, 50 mg of I in capsules, and 100 mg of I in suppositories with RSD values 0.4 to 1\% (n = 6). According to the validation procedure based on the standard addition technique the recoveries were 97.2-100.1\% of I.
This article was published in J Pharm Biomed Anal
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta