Author(s): Shaw LJ, Beaton Y, Glover LA, Killham K, Meharg AA
Abstract Share this page
Abstract lux-marked biosensors for assessing the toxicity and bioremediation potential of polluted environments may complement traditional chemical techniques. luxCDABE genes were introduced into the chromosome of the 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP)-mineralizing bacterium, Burkholderia sp. RASC c2, by biparental mating using the Tn4431 system. Experiments revealed that light output was constitutive and related to cell biomass concentration during exponential growth. The transposon insertion was stable and did not interrupt 2,4-DCP-degradative genes, and expression of luxCDABE did not constitute a metabolic burden to the cell. A bioluminescence response was detectable at sublethal 2,4-DCP concentrations: at < 10.26 microg ml(-1), bioluminescence was stimulated (e.g. 218\% of control), but at concentrations >60 microg ml(-1) it declined to < 1\%. Investigating the effect of [14C]-2,4-DCP concentration on the evolution of 14CO2 revealed that, for initial concentrations of 2.5-25 microg ml(-1), approximately equals 55\% of the added 14C was mineralized after 24 h compared with <1\% at 50 and 100 microg ml(-1). Inhibition of 2,4-DCP mineralization between 25 and 50 microg ml(-1) corresponded well to the EC50 value (33.83 microg ml(-1)) obtained from bioluminescence inhibition studies. lux-marked RASC c2 may therefore be used as a functionally (i.e. 2,4-DCP degrader) and environmentally relevant biosensor of toxicity and biodegradation inhibition.
This article was published in Environ Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development