alexa Development and validation of a quantitative assay based on tandem mass spectrometry.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Mass Spectrometry & Purification Techniques

Author(s): Honour JW

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Abstract Many routine hospital and clinical research assays have relied upon immunoassay procedures to achieve sensitive measurements of a range of important analytes. Some of the methods have been developed in-house but increasingly commercial kits and automated analysers have become commonplace. The accuracies of these methods are under question in health care. Mass spectrometry (MS) is potentially a more accurate technique with the ability to demonstrate specificity. An introduction of the basic analytical aspects of liquid chromatography (LC)-MS/MS leads on to the validation of the method before general use. LC coupled with MS and tandem mass spectrometry (MS(n)) is being adopted in a number of hospital laboratories for the quantitative analysis of a number of analytes from physiological matrices, but standards for development and validation of such assays are not easily available. Most assays can be regarded as in-house methods and herein may lay the failure so far for mass spectrometric methods to improve quality of results between laboratories for an analyte using the same technology. Manufacturers are taking on board the experience of clinical laboratories with kits containing all or most of the disposable items and reagents. A number of documents and guidelines have been consulted. These documents are expensive to purchase, are often very long and not easy to read. This review highlights the specific requirements for introduction of a tandem mass spectrometric test for small molecules into a routine hospital laboratory. A number of experiments need to be planned and executed in order to describe a new quantitative method in terms of selectivity, accuracy, imprecision, sensitivity and stability. The introduction of a quantitative method based on tandem MS requires careful validation. This review has distilled out important points from a number of key documents in order to provide a working validation guideline for clinical laboratories. In a supplementary file a working document for assembling the assay validation is proposed. This article was published in Ann Clin Biochem and referenced in Mass Spectrometry & Purification Techniques

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