alexa Development of a base set of toxicity tests using ultrafine TiO2 particles as a component of nanoparticle risk management.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Pollution Effects & Control

Author(s): Warheit DB, Hoke RA, Finlay C, Donner EM, Reed KL,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The development of a risk management system for nanoscale or ultrafine particle-types requires a base set of hazard data. Assessing risk is a function of hazard and exposure data. Previously, we have suggested "parallel tracks" as a strategy for conducting nanoparticle research. On the one hand, mechanistic studies on "representative" nanoparticles could be supported by governmental agencies. Alternatively, with regard to commercial nanoparticles, the environmental, health and safety (EHS) framework would include a minimum base set of toxicity studies which should be supported by the companies that are developing nano-based products. The minimum base set could include the following criteria: substantial particle characterization, pulmonary toxicity studies, acute dermal toxicity and sensitization studies, acute oral and ocular toxicity studies, along with screening type genotoxicity, and aquatic toxicity studies. We report here the toxicity results of a base set of hazard tests on a set of newly developed, well-characterized, ultrafine TiO(2) (uf-TiO(2)) particle-types. In vivo pulmonary toxicity studies in rats demonstrated low inflammatory potential and lung tissue toxicity. Acute dermal irritation studies in rabbits and local lymph node assay results in mice indicated that uf-TiO(2) was not a skin irritant or dermal sensitizer. Acute oral toxicity studies demonstrated very low toxicity and uf-TiO(2) produced short-term and reversible ocular conjunctival redness in rabbits. Genotoxicity tests demonstrated that uf-TiO(2) was negative in both the bacterial reverse mutation test and in an in vitro mammalian chromosome aberration test with Chinese hamster ovary cells. The results of aquatic toxicity screening studies demonstrated that uf-TiO(2) exhibited low concern for aquatic hazard in unaerated, 48h, static acute tests using the water flea, Daphnia magna; exhibited low concern for aquatic hazard in unaerated, 96h, static acute tests using the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss; and exhibited medium concern in a 72h acute test using the green algae Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata. To summarize the findings, the results of most of the studies demonstrated low hazard potential in mammals or aquatic species following acute exposures to the ultrafine TiO(2) particle-types tested in this program. This article was published in Toxicol Lett and referenced in Journal of Pollution Effects & Control

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords