Author(s): Preu M, Guyot D, Petz M
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Abstract A packed column GC-electron-capture detection method for the analysis of the aminoglycoside antibiotics kanamycin and gentamicin was adapted to capillary GC-MS. The analytes were derivatised using a two-step procedure involving trimethylsilylation of the hydroxyl groups with trimethylsilylimidazole and acylation of the amino groups with heptafluorobutyrylimidazole. Electron impact mass spectra of the resulting derivatives of kanamycin A and gentamicins C1, C1a and C2 are given and interpreted. The derivatisation procedure was optimised using experimental design. This chemometrical approach considers main effects as well as interactions of the influential parameters, thus conducting a more thorough investigation of the method than the common step-by-step approach. Optimisation using fractional factorial and Box Behnken Designs produced a derivatisation method featuring better yield than previously published methods while in many cases requiring less reagents and shorter reaction times.
This article was published in J Chromatogr A
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability