Author(s): Lee JS, Lee JS, Park UJ, Son KJ, Han HS
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Abstract A synthetic alumina functionalized with a sulfate moiety has been developed as the column material of (99)Mo/(99m)Tc and (188)W/(188)Re generators. This material is synthesized by a sol-gel processing. In order to characterize the adsorbent for the (188)W/(188)Re separation, both batch and column contact experiments were conducted. As a result of the experiments, it is found that the maximum capacity of the adsorbent for tungsten is higher than 450mg/g. Hence it is possible to produce approximately 3Ci (188)W/(188)Re generator with only 1g of the adsorbent from (188)W solutions supplied from ORNL, USA or RIAR, Russia. A demonstration study was conducted to show the performance of an (188)W/(188)Re generator column. In this study, 1Ci of (188)W purchased from RIAR, Russia, is loaded on a 0.9cm ID column packed with 0.7g of the adsorbent. Elution of (188)Re is performed every 4-7 days by using the saline solution for more than three months. Nearly 100\% of tungsten is loaded by passing 5ml of the (188)W solution (pH=8) through the dry packed column at a 1ml/min flow rate. Elution efficiency of (188)Re is 70-90\% by using 5ml of the saline solution. The ratio of (188)W/(188)Re in the eluted solution is 0.002-0.003\%. When a Sep-Pak containing 0.26g of acid alumina is installed as a tandem column, the ratio is decreased to less than 10(-3)\%. Thin layer chromatography for the eluted (188)Re solution shows 100\% radiochemical purity. Also, alumina content in the eluted solution shows less than 10ppm. Through this study, the performance of this adsorbent was successfully demonstrated. By using the developed adsorbent, minimization of the generator column and consequently the volume of eluant could be possible while maintaining the quality of (188)Re just as much as that available in the market.
This article was published in Appl Radiat Isot
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy