Author(s): Kobayashi M, Sada N, Sugawara M, Iseki K, Miyazaki K
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Abstract A new system for prediction of drug absorption that takes into account drug dissolution and pH change in the gastro-intestinal tract was developed. In this new system, a drug (solid form) is added into a drug-dissolving vessel (pH 1.0) and the dissolved drug is transferred to a pH adjustment vessel (pH 6.0). Then the drug solution is transferred to the apical surface of Caco-2 cells, and the permeation rate of the drug across a Caco-2 monolayer is determined. This system was able to predict the oral absorption ratios of ten water-soluble drugs in humans. Using this system, it was predicted that drugs that permeated Caco-2 at a rate of more than 0.1\% of the dose in 200 min would be almost completely absorbed after oral administration in humans. For a drug whose permeation ratio was less than 0.03\%, the absorption ratio was predicted to be less than 30\%. This system also enabled prediction of the absorption rate and variability in the absorption of albendazole, a drug with poor water solubility. It also enabled assessment of the improvement in absorption using a solid dispersion of albendazole-polymers that improved the water solubility. The results suggest that this system is useful for oral absorption screening of new drugs and pharmaceutical products.
This article was published in Int J Pharm
and referenced in Journal of Applied Pharmacy