alexa Development of a pH-responsive drug delivery system for enantioselective-controlled delivery of racemic drugs.
Materials Science

Materials Science

Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Author(s): Suedee R, Jantarat C, Lindner W, Viernstein H, Songkro S,

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Abstract This study aimed to develop enantioselective-controlled drug delivery systems for selective release of the required (S)-enantiomer in a dose formulation containing a racemic drug in response to pH stimuli. The recognition system was obtained from a nanoparticle-on-microsphere (NOM) molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) with a multifunctional chiral cinchona anchor synthesised by suspension polymerisation using ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as a cross-linker. (S)-omeprazole was used as an imprinting molecule conferring stereoselectivity upon the polymers. The ability of the prepared recognition polymers to selectively rebind (S)-omeprazole was evident at different pH levels (the highest being at pH 7.4). The partial selective-release phenomenon of the (S)-enantiomer in MIP-containing composite cellulose membranes with increased vehicular racemic omeprazole concentrations was highly pH-dependent. Cinchona-bonded polymers imprinted with (S)-omeprazole could recognise the moldable contact site of (S)-omeprazole independently of its chirality; this is responsible for the delivery of (S)-enantiomer from racemic omeprazole. The controlled-release drug devices were fabricated with synthesised composite latex, and consisted of a pH stimuli-responsive poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (HEMA) and polycaprolactone-triol (PCL-T) blend, and a MIP with preloaded drug, along with pH 7.4 buffer in the device's interior. The results demonstrate that drug delivery systems containing (S)-omeprazole imprinted cinchona-polymer nanoparticle-on-microspheres may maximise efficacy while minimising dose frequency. Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in J Control Release and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

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