alexa Development of a SPE-UHPLC-MS MS methodology for the determination of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and analgesic pharmaceuticals in seawater.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): Paga P, Loli A, Hellebuyck F, Santos LH, Correia M,

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Abstract An analytical methodology for the simultaneous determination of seven pharmaceuticals and two metabolites belonging to the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and analgesics therapeutic groups was developed based on off-line solid-phase extraction and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (SPE-UHPLC-MS/MS). Extraction conditions were optimized taking into account parameters like sorbent material, sample volume and sample pH. Method detection limits (MDLs) ranging from 0.02 to 8.18 ng/L were obtained. This methodology was successfully applied to the determination of the selected pharmaceuticals in seawater samples of Atlantic Ocean in the Northern Portuguese coast. All the pharmaceuticals have been detected in the seawater samples, with pharmaceuticals like ibuprofen, acetaminophen, ketoprofen and the metabolite hydroxyibuprofen being the most frequently detected at concentrations that can reach some hundreds of ng/L. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in J Pharm Biomed Anal and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

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