alexa Development of adenovirus serotype 35 as a gene transfer vector.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Seshidhar Reddy P, Ganesh S, Limbach MP, Brann T, Pinkstaff A,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract While 51 human adenoviral serotypes have been identified to date, the vast majority of adenoviral vectors designed for gene transfer have been generated in the adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) backbone. Viral infections caused by Ad5 are endemic in most human populations and the majority of humans carry preexisting humoral and/or cellular immunity to Ad5 which may severely limit the use of Ad5-based vectors for gene therapy applications. To circumvent this preexisting Ad5 immunity, we have identified Ad35 as an alternative adenoviral serotype to which the majority of humans do not have neutralizing antibodies. Importantly, Ad35 can be grown to high titers with a low particle-to-PFU ratio. As a prerequisite for the development of Ad35 for use as a gene transfer vector, a genome organization map was constructed using the available Ad35 sequence information, and E1a-deficient Ad35 vectors encoding marker genes were generated. Ad35 biodistribution in mice was assessed following intravenous administration and compared with that of Ad5. Extremely low levels of Ad35 were detected in all organs evaluated, including liver, lung, spleen, and bone marrow, while Ad5 displayed high transduction of these organs. Due to the lack of Ad35 liver tropism, minimal hepatotoxicity was observed in mice treated with Ad35. Furthermore, the half-life of Ad35 in mouse blood was found to be two to three times longer than that of Ad5. These data suggest that either mice do not express the Ad35 cell surface receptor or that Ad35 does not efficiently transduce mouse cells in vivo following systemic delivery. Therefore, to begin to elucidate the Ad35 cell entry mechanisms, in vitro competition studies were performed. These data demonstrated that Ad35 cell entry is CAR independent, and may involve protein(s) expressed on most human cells.
This article was published in Virology and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords