Author(s): Caizares MC, Lomonossoff GP, Nicholson L
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Plant viruses are emerging as an attractive alternative to stable genetic transformation for the expression of foreign proteins in plants. The main advantages of using this strategy are that viral genomes are small and easy to manipulate, infection of plants with modified viruses is simpler and quicker than the regeneration of stably transformed plants and the sequence inserted into a virus vector will be highly amplified. One use of these virus expression systems is for vaccine production. Among plant viruses, cowpea mosaic virus makes an ideal candidate for the production of such vaccines because it grows extremely well in host plants, is very stable, and the purification of virus particles, if required, is straightforward. In this article, the authors review the progress made in the development of cowpea mosaic virus-based vectors for vaccine production, making use of two main approaches: epitope presentation and polypeptide expression.
This article was published in Expert Rev Vaccines
and referenced in Virology & Mycology