alexa Development of hollow microspheres as floating controlled-release systems for cardiovascular drugs: preparation and release characteristics.


Medicinal Chemistry

Author(s): Soppimath KS, Kulkarni AR, Aminabhavi TM

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Abstract Hollow microspheres of cellulose acetate loaded with four cardiovascular drugs (nifedipine [NFD], nicardapine hydrochloride [NCD], verapamil hydrochloride [VRP], and dipyridamole [DIP]) were prepared by a novel solvent diffusion-evaporation method. The oil-in-water emulsion prepared in an aqueous solution of 0.05\% poly(vinyl alcohol) medium with ethyl acetate, a water-soluble and less toxic solvent, was used as the dispersing solvent. The yield of the microspheres was up to 80\%. The microspheres had smooth surfaces, with free-flowing and good-packing properties. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) confirmed their hollow structures, with sizes in the range 489-350 microm. The microspheres tended to float over the gastric media for more than 12 h. The drug loaded in hollow microspheres was in an amorphous state, as confirmed by differential scanning microscopy (DSC). The release of the drugs was controlled for more than 8 h. The release kinetics followed different transport mechanisms depending on the nature of the drug molecules. This article was published in Drug Dev Ind Pharm and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry

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