Author(s): Bodor GS, Porter S, Landt Y, Ladenson JH
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Abstract To improve the specificity of biochemical markers of myocardial infarction (MI), we have developed a double monoclonal "sandwich" enzyme immunoassay to measure cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) in serum. We produced eight IgG monoclonal antibodies against human cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) and tested them against human and animal (canine, bovine, and rabbit) troponins. Five antibodies were cardiac-specific; none of the antibodies were species-specific. Two of the five cTnI-specific monoclonal antibodies were utilized in an immunoassay. Standards were made by adding purified human cTnI to affinity-stripped cTnI-free human sera to cover the range 0-100 micrograms/L for cTnI. The dose-response curve was nonlinear but reproducible. Total assay imprecision (CV) varied between 11\% and 21\%. The upper limit of the reference range (nonparametric 95\% interval) was established as 3.1 micrograms/L by measuring cTnI concentration in sera of 159 hospitalized patients without evidence of cardiac disease. Purified human skeletal TnI up to 10,000 micrograms/L did not affect the assay (calculated cross-reactivity < 0.1\%). Diagnostic sensitivities of creatine kinase MB isoenzyme (CK-MB) and cTnI were evaluated retrospectively in 49 consecutive patients with proven MI. In the 30 patients for whom sufficient information was available to establish an accurate time course, CK-MB was more sensitive during the first 4 h after the onset of chest pain, but thereafter the sensitivities were similar up to 48 h. However, cTnI is more cardiac-specific than is CK-MB and remains increased longer than does CK-MB.
This article was published in Clin Chem
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology