Author(s): Ryu JY, Song IS, Sunwoo YE, Shon JH, Liu KH, , Ryu JY, Song IS, Sunwoo YE, Shon JH, Liu KH,
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Abstract To develop and validate an in vivo cocktail method for high-throughput phenotyping of CYP1A2, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, and CYP3A, 12 healthy subjects received five probe drugs alone or simultaneously. The in vivo phenotyping index of CYP2C9, the ratio of 8 h urine concentration of losartan to its metabolite after a single administration of losartan, was not significantly different from that obtained using the five-drug cocktail. Similarly, the ratios of [omeprazole]/[5-hydroxyomeprazole] (CYP2C19) and [paraxanthine]/[caffeine] (CYP1A2) in 4 h plasma samples and the log ratio of [dextromethorphan]/[dextrorphan] (CYP2D6) in 8 h urine samples and the 4 h plasma concentrations of midazolam (CYP3A) after single administration or well-established three-drug cocktail of caffeine, omeprazole, and dextromethorphan were not significantly different from those after the new five-drug cocktail. In conclusion, the new five-drug cocktail regimen, named the "Inje cocktail," can be used as a tool to phenotype in vivo enzyme activities of CYP1A2, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, and CYP3A with only 4 h blood sampling and 8 h urine collection following simultaneous administration of the five probe drugs.
This article was published in Clin Pharmacol Ther
and referenced in Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology