alexa Developmental disorders of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland associated with congenital hypopituitarism.
Clinical Research

Clinical Research

Journal of Clinical Case Reports

Author(s): Mehta A, Dattani MT

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The pituitary gland is a complex organ secreting six hormones from five different cell types. It is the end product of a carefully orchestrated pattern of expression of signalling molecules and transcription factors. Naturally occurring and transgenic murine models have demonstrated a role for many of these molecules in the aetiology of congenital hypopituitarism. These include the transcription factors HESX1, PROP1, POU1F1, LHX3, LHX4, PITX1, PITX2, SOX2 and SOX3. The expression pattern of these transcription factors dictates the phenotype that results when the gene encoding the relevant transcription factor is mutated. The highly variable phenotype may consist of isolated hypopituitarism or more complex disorders such as septo-optic dysplasia and holoprosencephaly. However, the overall incidence of mutations in known transcription factors in patients with hypopituitarism is low, indicating that many genes remain to be identified; characterization of these will further elucidate the pathogenesis of this complex condition and also shed light on normal pituitary development and function. This article was published in Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Global Experts meeting on Oncology Case Reports
    Aug 29-31, 2017 London, UK
  • Global Experts Meeting on Case Reports
    Osaka, Japan October 09-11, 2017
  • 6th Global Experts Meeting on Medical Case Reports
    October 16-18, 2017 San Francisco, California, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords