alexa Developmental effects of impaired breathing in the face of the growing child.


Otolaryngology: Open Access

Author(s): Cheng MC, Enlow DH, Papsidero M, Broadbent BH Jr, Oyen O,

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Abstract Craniofacial morphology and occlusal pattern are evaluated in 71 subjects having impaired breathing as diagnosed by an otolaryngologist, and in an equal number of controls. The impaired group demonstrate characteristic combinations of craniofacial deformities and malocclusions, with the younger individuals demonstrating a lesser expression of malocclusion progression and morphologic deformities. This suggests that early recognition of such facial patterns may be utilized to identify those breathing compromised individuals who have a likely tendency to develop certain types of malocclusion. This article was published in Angle Orthod and referenced in Otolaryngology: Open Access

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