alexa Developmental regulation of sialic acid modifications in rat and human colon.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

Author(s): Muchmore EA, Varki NM, Fukuda M, Varki A

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Abstract Using high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas-liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (GLC/MS), we have confirmed the existence of several sialic acid modifications in the adult rat and human colon. The major O-acetylated sialic acid in both species is 9-O-acetyl-N-acetylneuraminic acid; N-glycolylneuraminic acid is a major component of the adult rat colon. Both of these major modifications were found to be developmentally regulated during the perinatal period in the rat. The N-glycolyl modification is present prenatally and disappears rapidly in the postnatal period. It reappears in the preweanling period, reaching levels at weaning comparable to those found prenatally. In contrast, the 9-O-acetyl modification is very low prenatally, and undergoes a marked increase shortly after birth in both the rat and human colon. The difference in the kinetics of appearance of the two modifications suggests that they are independently regulated. Regulation of these modifications seems to be influenced by exposure to bacterial by-products or environmental stimuli. The N-glycolyl modification in the rat colon reappeared at weaning, a time of major change in enteral colonic substances. Spontaneously aborted human fetuses, including three with intrauterine infection at 27, 33, and 35 wk of gestation, showed adult levels of O-acetylation in colonic tissue. Also, although O-acetylation in freshly isolated colon tumor specimens was only somewhat lower than that in the adult normal colon, all established colon cancer cell lines studied showed minimal O-acetylation.
This article was published in FASEB J and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

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