Author(s): Fujita I, Hirano J, Itoh N, Nakanishi T, Tanaka K
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Abstract The regulation of intracellular ascorbic acid (AsA) levels may be under the control of an AsA-specific membrane transporter. The present study investigates AsA uptake and expression of Na-dependent vitamin C transporter (SVCT) mRNA in the mouse osteoblastic cell line, MC3T3-E1. Among eight compounds tested, dexamethasone (Dex) all-trans retinoic acid, transforming growth factor beta, prostaglandin E2 and transferrin significantly and respectively) stimulated the update of AsA into MC3T3-E1 cells. Among these five, Dex was the most active, inducing mSVCT2 mRNA and the uptake of AsA in a time- and concentration-dependant manner. Dex did not induce mSVCT1 mRNA. These results suggest that the Dex-induced stimulation of AsA incorporation into osteoblastic cells is mediated by the induction of mSVCT2. Since Dex reduced alkaline phosphatase activity in MC3T3-E1 cells in our culture conditions, Dex-induced stimulation of AsA incorporation might not be the result of differentiation. Hormone-regulated changes of SVCT expression may have an important role in cell functions.
This article was published in Br J Nutr
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy