alexa D-histidine and L-histidine attenuate zinc-induced neuronal death in GT1-7 cells.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Author(s): Kawahara M, Sadakane Y, Koyama H, Konoha K, Ohkawara S

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Although zinc (Zn) is an essential trace element, excess Zn causes neuronal death following transient global ischemia and plays a central role in the pathogenesis of vascular-type dementia. In this study, we developed a rapid and convenient screening system for substances that prevent Zn-induced neurotoxicity by using GT1-7 cells (immortalized hypothalamic neurons), with the aim of identifying a treatment for vascular-type dementia. Among tested, we found a protective substance in the extract of round herring (Etrumeus teres), and determined its structure as l-histidine. Analysis of the structure-activity relationship by using histidine analogues revealed that both l-histidine and d-histidine exhibit the same neuroprotective activity. Furthermore, we investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying the protective effect of histidine on Zn-induced neurotoxicity using Zn imaging and gene expression analysis, and found that histidine protects against Zn-induced neurotoxicity not by inhibiting Zn chelation, thereby preventing increases in intracellular Zn(2+). Moreover, it is also suggested that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and activity-regulated cytoskeleton associated protein (Arc) are implicated in Zn-induced degeneration of neurons. This article was published in Metallomics and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords