alexa Diabetes alters subsets of endothelial progenitor cells that reside in blood, bone marrow, and spleen.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Clinical & Medical Biochemistry

Author(s): Saito H, Yamamoto Y, Yamamoto H

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) derived from the bone marrow (BM) participate in maintaining endothelial integrity and vascular homeostasis. Reduced EPC number and function result in vascular complications in diabetes. EPCs are a population of cells existing in various differentiation stages, and their cell surface marker profiles change during the process of mobilization and maturation. Hence, a generally accepted marker combination and a standardized protocol for the quantification of EPCs remain to be established. To determine the EPC subsets that are affected by diabetes, we comprehensively analyzed 32 surface marker combinations of mouse peripheral blood (PB), BM, and spleen cells by multicolor flow cytometry. Ten subsets equivalent to previously reported mouse EPCs significantly declined in number in the PB of streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice, and this reduction was reversed by insulin treatment. The PI(-)Lin(-)c-Kit(-)Sca-1(+)Flk-1(-)CD34(-)CD31(+) EPC cluster, which can differentiate into mature endothelial cells in vitro, was the highest population in the PB, BM, and spleen and occurred 61 times more in the spleen than in the PB. The cell number significantly decreased in the BM as well as in the PB but paradoxically increased in the spleen under diabetic conditions. Insulin treatment reversed the decrease of EPC subsets in the BM and PB and reversed their increase in spleen. A similar tendency was observed in some of the major cell populations in db/db mice. To the best of our knowledge, we are the first to report spatial population changes in mouse EPCs by diabetes in the blood and in the BM across the spleen. Diminished circulating EPC supply by diabetes may be ascribed to impaired EPC production in the BM and to decreased EPC mobilization from the spleen, which may contribute to vascular dysfunction in diabetic conditions. This article was published in Am J Physiol Cell Physiol and referenced in Clinical & Medical Biochemistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Ping Gu
    Myeloid-specific deletion of SIRT1 impairs obesity and ageing-associated endothelial dysfunction
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • George Rawitscher
    Revival of the phase-amplitude description of a quantum-mechanical wave function
    PDF Version
  • Tina Cloney
    Behavioral change strategies conducive to reducing rates of disease and disability and promoting rehabilitation and daily functioning
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Khalid Bashar
    Predictive parameters of arterio-venous fistula functional maturation in a population of patients with end-stage renal disease
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Cormac G M Gahan
    Bacterial bile salt hydrolase in the regulation of host lipid metabolism and circadian rhythm: A role in probiotic function?
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Tjale Mahopo
    Impact of infant feeding practices on gut function in Dzimauli community, South Africa
    PDF Version
  • Keiko Unno
    Prevention of cognitive dysfunction and amyloid beta accumulation by the ingestion of green soybean extract in aged mice
    PDF Version
  • Chia-chi Liu
    Oxidative inhibition of erythrocyte sodium pump: A functionally relevant circulating marker of oxidative stress
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Yosef Yarden
    Classically, the 3’untranslated region (3’UTR) is that region in eukaryotic protein-coding genes from the translation termination codon to the polyA signal. It is transcribed as an integral part of the mRNA encoded by the gene. However, there exists another kind of RNA, which consists of the 3’UTR alone, without all other elements in mRNA such as 5’UTR and coding region. The importance of independent 3’UTR RNA (referred as I3’UTR) was prompted by results of artificially introducing such RNA species into malignant mammalian cells. Since 1991, we found that the middle part of the 3’UTR of the human nuclear factor for interleukin-6 (NF-IL6) or C/EBP gene exerted tumor suppression effect in vivo. Our subsequent studies showed that transfection of C/EBP 3’UTR led to down-regulation of several genes favorable for malignancy and to up-regulation of some genes favorable for phenotypic reversion. Also, it was shown that the sequences near the termini of the C/EBP 3’UTR were important for its tumor suppression activity. Then, the C/EBP 3’UTR was found to directly inhibit the phosphorylation activity of protein kinase CPKC in SMMC-7721, a hepatocarcinoma cell line. Recently, an AU-rich region in the C/EBP 3’UTR was found also to be responsible for its tumor suppression. Recently we have also found evidence that the independent C/EBP 3’UTR RNA is actually exists in human tissues, such as fetal liver and heart, pregnant uterus, senescent fibroblasts etc. Through 1990’s to 2000’s, world scientists found several 3’UTR RNAs that functioned as artificial independent RNAs in cancer cells and resulted in tumor suppression. Interestingly, majority of genes for these RNAs have promoter-like structures in their 3’UTR regions, although the existence of their transcribed products as independent 3’UTR RNAs is still to be confirmed. Our studies indicate that the independent 3’UTR RNA is a novel non-coding RNA species whose function should be the regulation not of the expression of their original mRNA, but of some essential life activities of the cell as a whole.
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Alina Borowska
    Postoperative cognitive dysfunctions after cardiac operations
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Elena Rampanelli
    Renal dysfunction and metabolic syndrome: the chicken or the egg?
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Maha M Saber
    Honey as nutrient and functional food
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Vladimir Sulimov
    “Vladimir Sulimov-Dimonta-Ltd-and-Lomonosov-Moscow-State-University-Russia-Protein-ligand-low-energy-minima-pose-analysis-Docking-target-functions-evaluation-with-the-FLM-program”
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Hitoshi Kunoh
    Novel functional materials created by mimicking Fe-oxidizing bacterium involved formation processes of iron oxides complex
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ana Domingo Rueda
    Collaborative programme in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery in Ethiopia: Nursery role
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords