alexa Diabetic autonomic neuropathy: evidence for apoptosis in situ in the rat.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Guo C, Quobatari A, Shangguan Y, Hong S, Wiley JW

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We examined the hypothesis that activation of the apoptosis cascade occurs relatively early in diabetes mellitus affecting three distinct neuronal populations that are involved in regulating gut function: (i) dorsal root ganglion (DRG), (ii) vagus nodose ganglion and (iii) colon myenteric plexus. A validated streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat model and age-matched healthy controls were studied. After 4-8 weeks of diabetes the animals were anaesthetized, fixed in situ and the relevant tissues removed. After 1 month of diabetes some animals were treated with insulin for 2 weeks to restore euglycaemia. Apoptosis was measured using immunohistochemical detection of activated caspase-3 and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labelling (TUNEL)-positive cells in adjacent sections in neurones (PGP 9.5-positive cells). The level of apoptosis was confirmed using double-label assessment of caspase-3 and TUNEL in DRG preparations. Caspase-3 immunoreactive neurones demonstrated a range in staining intensity. When all grades of staining were included, 6-8\% of the DRG, nodose ganglia and myenteric neurones were immunoreactive in the preparations from diabetic rats compared with 0.2-0.5\% in controls. Neurones staining positive for both caspase-3 and TUNEL accounted for 1-2\% of the total neuronal population in all three preparations in diabetic rats compared with 0.1-0.2\% in controls (P < 0.05). Insulin treatment reversed the percentage of TUNEL-positive neurones in diabetic rats to control levels. Activation of the apoptosis cascade occurs relatively early in diabetic autonomic neuropathy and may contribute to the pathophysiology of this disorder. This article was published in Neurogastroenterol Motil and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords