Author(s): Wikoff WR, Hanash S, DeFelice B, Miyamoto S, Barnett M,
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Abstract PURPOSE: We have investigated the potential of metabolomics to discover blood-based biomarkers relevant to lung cancer screening and early detection. An untargeted metabolomics approach was applied to identify biomarker candidates using prediagnostic sera from the Beta-Carotene and Retinol Efficacy Trial (CARET) study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry hydrophilic interaction method designed to profile a wide range of metabolites was applied to prediagnostic serum samples from CARET participants (current or former heavy smokers), consisting of 100 patients who subsequently developed non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and 199 matched controls. A separate aliquot was used to quantify levels of pro-surfactant protein B (pro-SFTPB), a previously established protein biomarker for NSCLC. On the basis of the results from the discovery set, blinded validation of a metabolite, identified as N(1),N(12)-diacetylspermine (DAS), and pro-SFTPB was performed using an independent set of CARET prediagnostic sera from 108 patients with NSCLC and 216 matched controls. RESULTS: Serum DAS was elevated by 1.9-fold, demonstrating significant specificity and sensitivity in the discovery set for samples collected up to 6 months before diagnosis of NSCLC. In addition, DAS significantly complemented performance of pro-SFTPB in both the discovery and validations sets, with a combined area under the curve in the validation set of 0.808 (P < .001 v pro-SFTPB). CONCLUSION: DAS is a novel serum metabolite with significant performance in prediagnostic NSCLC and has additive performance with pro-SFTPB. © 2015 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.
This article was published in J Clin Oncol
and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry