alexa Diagnosis and treatment of polycythemia vera and possible future study designs of the PVSG.
Neurology

Neurology

Autism-Open Access

Author(s): Michiels JJ, Barbui T, Finazzi G, Fuchtman SM, Kutti J,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The present study describes clinicopathological criteria to distinguish the 5 sequential stages proposed by Wasserman et al in the natural history of newly diagnosed PV patients. The European Working Group on MPD (EWG.MPD) extended and modified the PVSG diagnostic criteria of PV by including bone marrow histopathology. From the results of prospective randomized studies in PV it became evident that new clinical trials in previously untreated PV patients should focus on comparing interferon-alpha, a non-leukemogenic approach, versus a potential leukemogenic myelosuppressive treatment modality. Hydroxyurea appears to be the least leukemogenic myelosuppressive agent in long-term prospective clinical PV-studies extending observation periods of more than 10 years. The rational for using IFN-alpha as a first-line treatment option in newly diagnosed PV-patient include its effectiveness to abate constitutional symptoms and to induce a complete remission thereby avoiding phlebotomy, iron deficiency, and macrocytosis associated with hydroxyurea. Moreover IFN-alpha may prevent or delay the development of postpolycythemic myelofibrosis if used early in the course of the disease. Clinicians will be reluctant to postpone the use of hydroxyurea in early stage PV as long as a conservative approach using phlebotomy aiming at a hematocrit below 0.45, plus low-dose aspirin for the control platelet function or anagrelide for the control platelet number is used to keep the patient healthy. Low-dose aspirin will prevent the microvascular thrombotic complications of thrombocythemia associated with PV in remission after phlebotomy, but lacks myelosuppressive activity. Control of megakaryocyte maturation and reduction of platelet production to normal (<400 x 10(9)/l) by relatively low doses of anagrelide will predict a significant reduction of vascular complications in the early stages of PV, may prevent progression to myelofibrosis during follow-up of PV and very probable will postpone the use of hydroxyurea treatment for controlling the platelet count in PV. Large scale randomized clinical trials in PV are proposed, which should aim not only for clinical and hematological response, safety, efficacy, but should also assess toxicity, the need for phlebotomy and whether the development of progressive disease such as splenomegaly, pruritus, myelofibrotic myeloid metaplasia, spent phase, myelodysplasia and acute leukemia can be delayed or prevented by IFN-alpha as compared to a conservative approach of phlebotomy plus low-dose aspirin or anagrelide followed by hydroxyurea when signs of myeloproliferative activity became evident. This article was published in Leuk Lymphoma and referenced in Autism-Open Access

Recommended Conferences

  • 3rd International Conference on Autism
    Aug 21-22, 2017 Los Angeles, USA
  • 3rd International Conference on Epilepsy and Treatment
    September 01-17 Brussels, Belgium

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords