alexa Diagnostic value of ultrasonography in temporomandibular disorders.
Pathology

Pathology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Author(s): Bas B

Abstract Share this page

The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of ultrasonographic imaging (USI) in temporomandibular disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: USI and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed in 182 temporomandibular joints (TMJs) of 91 patients who were referred for treatment. After a detailed clinical examination, patients who were clinically diagnosed with TMJ disc derangement were referred to the radiology department for MRI and USI examinations. USI and MRI diagnoses of disc displacement were compared, using clinical diagnosis as the golden standard. The overall agreement between USI and MRI results was evaluated. RESULTS: Compared with the clinical diagnosis, MRI showed a sensitivity of 85%, specificity of 62%, and an accuracy of 80% in the detection of internal derangements. The positive predictable value, negative predictive value, and likelihood ratio were 88%, 54%, and 2.29, respectively. Compared with the clinical diagnosis, USI showed a sensitivity of 69%, specificity of 80%, and accuracy of 71% in the detection of internal derangements. The positive predictable value, negative predictive value, and likelihood ratio were 92%, 42%, and 3.45, respectively. Comparing the agreements between the MRI and USI diagnoses of internal derangement, the κ value was found to be 0.36, indicating poor reliability (P < .001). CONCLUSION: USI, a noninvasive and dynamic imaging method, is a reliable method in evaluating the position of the disc in TMJ disc derangements. Better visualization of joint structures and more reliable results with higher sensitivity and accuracy can be achieved with high-resolution devices (≥12 MHz).

This article was published in J Oral Maxillofac Surg and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords