alexa Diarrhea prevention through household-level water disinfection and safe storage in Zambia.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy

Author(s): Quick RE, Kimura A, Thevos A, Tembo M, Shamputa I,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract A water quality intervention that consists of water treatment, safe storage, and community education was field tested in Kitwe, Zambia. A total of 166 intervention households were randomly selected from one community and 94 control households from another. Baseline surveys were conducted and the intervention was distributed. Weekly active diarrhea surveillance, biweekly water testing, and a follow-up survey were conducted. Compliance was high in intervention households: 97\% reported using disinfectant and 72-95\% had measurable chlorine in their water in biweekly testing. The percentage of intervention households storing water safely increased from 41.5\% to 89.2\%. Stored water in intervention households was significantly less contaminated with Escherichia coli than water in control households (P < 0.001). Diarrheal disease risk for individuals in intervention households was 48\% lower than for controls (95\% confidence interval = 0.3, 0.9). This intervention is a useful tool for preventing waterborne diseases in families in developing countries who lack access to potable water.
This article was published in Am J Trop Med Hyg and referenced in Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords