alexa Diastolic function of the nonfilling human left ventricle.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): Paulus WJ, Vantrimpont PJ, Rousseau MF

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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To investigate an early-diastolic left ventricular suction effect in humans, tip-micromanometer left ventricular pressure recordings were obtained in patients with mitral stenosis at the time of balloon inflations during percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty performed with a self-positioning Inoue balloon, which fits tightly in the mitral orifice. BACKGROUND: When mitral inflow was impeded in anesthetized dogs, left ventricular pressure decayed to a negative asymptote value. This negative asymptote value was consistent with an early diastolic suction effect. METHODS: Tip-micromanometer left ventricular pressure recordings were obtained in 23 patients with symptomatic mitral stenosis at the time of balloon inflations during percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty performed with a self-positioning Inoue balloon. RESULTS: The left ventricular diastolic asymptote pressure (P(asy)) was determined in 47 nonfilling beats with a sufficiently long (greater than 200 ms) diastolic time interval (that is, the interval from minimal first derivative of left ventricular pressure to left ventricular end-diastolic pressure) and equaled 2 +/- 3 mm Hg for beats with normal intraventricular conduction and 3 +/- 2 mm Hg for beats with aberrant intraventricular conduction. Left ventricular angiography was performed in five patients during the first inflation of the Inoue balloon at the time of complete balloon expansion. Left ventricular end-diastolic volume of the nonfilling beats averaged 38 +/- 14 ml and was comparable to the left ventricular end-systolic volume (39 +/- 19 ml) measured during baseline angiography before mitral valvuloplasty. Time constants of left ventricular pressure decay were calculated on 21 nonfilling beats with a diastolic time interval greater than 200 ms, normal intraventricular conduction and peak left ventricular pressure greater than 50 mm Hg. Time constants (T0 and TBF) derived from an exponential curve fit with zero asymptote pressure and with a best-fit asymptote pressure were compared with a time constant (T(asy)) derived from an exponential curve fit with the measured diastolic left ventricular asymptote pressure. The value for T(asy) (37 +/- 9 ms) was significantly smaller than that for TBF (68 +/- 28 ms, p less than 0.001) and the value for the measured diastolic left ventricular asymptote pressure (2 +/- 4 mm Hg) was significantly larger than that for the best-fit asymptote pressure (-9 +/- 11 mm Hg, p less than 0.001). T0 (44 +/- 20 ms) was significantly (p less than 0.01) different from TBF but not from T(asy). CONCLUSIONS: During balloon inflation of a self-positioning Inoue balloon, left ventricular pressure decayed continuously toward a positive asymptote value and left ventricular cavity volume was comparable to the left ventricular end-systolic volume of filling beats. In these nonfilling beats, the best-fit asymptote pressure was unrelated to the measured asymptote pressure and T0 was a better measure of T(asy) than was TBF. Reduced internal myocardial restoring forces, caused by different extracellular matrix of the human heart, reduced external myocardial restoring forces caused by low coronary perfusion pressure during the balloon inflation and inward motion of the balloon-occluded mitral valve into the left ventricular cavity could explain the failure to observe significant diastolic left ventricular suction in the human heart.
This article was published in J Am Coll Cardiol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

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