alexa Diesel exhaust particles enhance antigen-induced airway inflammation and local cytokine expression in mice.


Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Author(s): Takano H, Yoshikawa T, Ichinose T, Miyabara Y, Imaoka K,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Previous experimental studies have suggested that nasal instillation of diesel exhaust particles (DEP) can enhance nasal IgE response and cytokine production. However, there is no experimental evidence for the relation of DEP to allergic asthma. We investigated the effects of DEP inoculated intratracheally on antigen-induced airway inflammation, local expression of cytokine proteins, and antigen-specific immunoglobulin production in mice. DEP aggravated ovalbumin-induced airway inflammation characterized by infiltration of eosinophils and lymphocytes and an increase in goblet cells in bronchial epithelium. DEP with antigen markedly increased interleukin-5 (IL-5) protein levels in lung tissue and bronchoalveolar lavage supernatants compared with either antigen or DEP alone. The combination of DEP and antigen induced significant increases in local expression of IL-4, granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and IL-2, whereas expression of interferon-gamma was not affected. In addition, DEP exhibited adjuvant activity for the antigen-specific production of IgG and IgE. These results provide the first experimental evidence that DEP can enhance the manifestations of allergic asthma. The enhancement may be mediated mainly by the increased local expression of IL-5, and also by the modulated expression of IL-4, GM-CSF, and IL-2. This article was published in Am J Respir Crit Care Med and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version