Author(s): Slater J, Larcombe L, Green C, Slivinski C, Singer M,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract BACKGROUND: Increased awareness of the wide spectrum of activity of vitamin D has focused interest on its role in the health of Canada's Aboriginal peoples, who bear a high burden of both infectious and chronic disease. Cutaneous vitamin D synthesis is limited at northern latitudes, and the transition from nutrient-dense traditional to nutrient-poor market foods has left many Canadian Aboriginal populations food insecure and nutritionally vulnerable. OBJECTIVE: The study was undertaken to determine the level of dietary vitamin D in a northern Canadian Aboriginal (DenÃ©) community and to determine the primary food sources of vitamin D. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Dietary vitamin D intakes of 46 adult DenÃ© men and women were assessed using a food frequency questionnaire and compared across age, gender, season and body mass index. The adequacy of dietary vitamin D intake was assessed using the 2007 Adequate Intake (AI) and the 2011 Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) values for Dietary Reference Intake (DRI). RESULTS: Mean daily vitamin D intake was 271.4 IU in winter and 298.3 IU in summer. Forty percent and 47.8\% of participants met the vitamin D 1997 AI values in winter and summer, respectively; this dropped to 11.1 and 13.0\% in winter and summer using 2011 RDA values. Supplements, milk, and local fish were positively associated with adequate vitamin D intake. Milk and local fish were the major dietary sources of vitamin D. CONCLUSIONS: Dietary intake of vitamin D in the study population was low. Only 2 food sources, fluid milk and fish, provided the majority of dietary vitamin D. Addressing low vitamin D intake in this population requires action aimed at food insecurity present in northern Aboriginal populations.
This article was published in Int J Circumpolar Health
and referenced in Mycobacterial Diseases