alexa Dietary mistletoe lectin supplementation and reduced growth of a murine non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Medicinal & Aromatic Plants

Author(s): Pryme IF, Bardocz S, Pusztai A, Ewen SW

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Abstract The growth of a murine non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) tumour has been shown to be reduced by incorporating mistletoe lectin (ML-1) into the diet. The morphological characteristics of NHL tumours in mice fed ML-1-supplemented diets were different from those in LA (control)-fed mice. The degree of mitotic activity was lower and nuclear area reduced. The degree of lymphocyte infiltration was increased in tumours from ML-1 fed mice and this was accompanied by a high incidence of apoptotic bodies. Visual observation of NHL tumours from individuals fed ML-1 diet showed a poorly developed blood supply in contrast to control-fed mice. A major reduction in number of blood capillaries in NHL tumours was confirmed by microscopic evaluation of tumour sections. The results suggested an anti-angiogenic response in ML-1-fed mice. The feeding of ML-1 compared to control diet thus provided several identifiable changes in the morphology of NHL tumours which were consistent with the observed reduction in tumour weight. There was no longer histological evidence of viable tumour in 25\% mice fed the ML-1 diet for 11 days. Morphological studies of the small bowel indicated (a) that the lectin induces hyperplasia, and (b) that the lectin binds avidly to lymphoid tissue of Peyer's patches. There was evidence of limited endocytosis of the lectin. An experiment where ML-3 was added to the diet of mice three days after inoculation of tumour cells showed that the lectin was able to slow down further growth of an established tumour. The results show that ML lectins induce powerful anti-cancer effects when provided by the oral route.
This article was published in Histol Histopathol and referenced in Medicinal & Aromatic Plants

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