Author(s): Ikemoto A, Nitta A, Furukawa S, Ohishi M, Nakamura A,
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Abstract Dietary deprivation of alpha-linolenic acid (n-3) through two generations has been shown to lower performance in an operant-type brightness-discrimination learning test in rats. Here, we examined a possible correlation between nerve growth factor (NGF) content and n-3 fatty acid status in the brain. Female rats were fed a semipurified diet supplemented with safflower oil (n-3 fatty acid-deficient) and their offsprings were fed a diet supplemented with either 3\% safflower oil (Saf group) or a mixture of 2.4\% safflower oil plus 0.6\% ethyl eicosapentaenoate (Saf+EPA group) after weaning. The brain docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3, DHA) content in the Saf group was less than half of that in the Per group fed a diet supplemented with 3\% perilla oil (n-3 fatty acid-sufficient) throughout the duration of the experiment. The DHA level of the Saf+EPA group was restored to the level of the Per group. However, the NGF contents in the hippocampus of the Saf and Saf+EPA groups were half that of the Per group. In the piriform cortex, the NGF content tended to be higher in the Saf and Saf+EPA groups than in the Per group. These results indicate that dietary n-3 fatty acid deficiency and restoration affect NGF levels differently among different brain regions.
This article was published in Neurosci Lett
and referenced in Journal of Pharmacological Reports