Author(s): GarcaClosas R, Berenguer A, Jos Tormo M, Jos Snchez M, Quirs JR,
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Abstract A cross-sectional study was conducted within the Spanish cohort of the European Prospective Investigation in Cancer and Nutrition to assess the principal food sources of vitamin C, vitamin E, alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, lycopene, lutein, beta-cryptoxanthin and zeaxanthin in an adult Spanish population. The study included 41446 healthy volunteers (25812 women and 15634 men), aged 29-69 years, from three Spanish regions in the north (Asturias, Navarra and Guipúzcoa) and two in the south (Murcia and Granada). Usual food intake was estimated by personal interview through a computerized version of a dietary history questionnaire. Foods that provided at least two-thirds of the studied nutrients were: fruits (mainly oranges) (51 \%) and fruiting vegetables (mainly tomato and sweet pepper) (20 \%) for vitamin C; vegetable oils (sunflower and olive) (40 \%), non-citrus fruits (10 \%), and nuts and seeds (8 \%) for vitamin E; root vegetables (carrots) (82 \%) for alpha-carotene; green leafy (28 \%), root (24 \%) and fruiting vegetables (22 \%) for beta-carotene; fruiting vegetables (fresh tomato) (72 \%) for lycopene; green leafy vegetables (64 \%) for lutein; citrus fruits (68 \%) for beta-cryptoxanthin; citrus fruits (43 \%) and green leafy vegetables (20 \%) for zeaxanthin. In conclusion, the main food sources of nutrients with redox properties have been identified in a Mediterranean country. This could provide an insight into the interpretation of epidemiological studies investigating the role of diet in health and disease.
This article was published in Br J Nutr
and referenced in Natural Products Chemistry & Research