alexa Dietary vitamin D and calcium and risk of colorectal cancer: a 19-year prospective study in men.
Oncology

Oncology

Advances in Cancer Prevention

Author(s): Cedric Garland

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Mortality rates from colon cancer in the USA are highest in populations exposed to the least amounts of natural sunlight; differences in endogenous vitamin D production and calcium absorption could be responsible. To investigate this possibility, the association of dietary vitamin D and calcium with 19-year risk of colorectal cancer was examined in 1954 men who had completed detailed, 28-day dietary histories in the period 1957-59. Risk of colorectal cancer was inversely correlated with dietary vitamin D and calcium. In the quartiles of a combined index of dietary vitamin D and calcium, from lowest to highest, observed risks of colorectal cancer were 38.9, 24.5, 22.5, and 14.3/1000 population. This association remained significant after adjustment for age, daily cigarette consumption, body mass index, ethanol consumption, and percentage of calories obtained from fat.

This article was published in Lancet and referenced in Advances in Cancer Prevention

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