alexa Dietary whey protein downregulates fatty acid synthesis in the liver, but upregulates it in skeletal muscle of exercise-trained rats.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Metabolic Syndrome

Author(s): Morifuji M, Sakai K, Sanbongi C, Sugiura K

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: This study compared the effects of casein and whey protein as the source of dietary protein on the activity of lipogenic enzymes and mRNA levels in the liver and skeletal muscle of exercise-trained rats. METHODS: Twenty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to one of four groups (n = 7/group). Rats were assigned to sedentary or exercise-trained groups and were fed the casein or whey protein diet. Rats in the exercise groups were trained for 2 wk using a swimming exercise for 120 min/d and 6 d/wk. RESULTS: A significant decrease in the activity of the hepatic lipogenic enzymes, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, malic enzyme, adenosine triphosphate citrate lyase, acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase, and fatty acid synthase (FASN) was observed in rats fed whey protein compared with animals fed casein. Compared with the casein diet, the whey protein diet also lowered mRNA expression of these enzymes, except for FASN. In contrast to the findings in liver, whey protein, as compared with casein, increased skeletal muscle FASN activity and mRNA. Further, exercise training resulted in increased skeletal muscle glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and FASN activity and adenosine triphosphate citrate lyase, acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase-1, and FASN mRNA expression. CONCLUSIONS: Exercise training or whey protein may play an important role in suppressing hepatic fatty acid synthesis, thereby decreasing accumulation of body fat and stimulating the skeletal muscle to increase energy substrate as fat during prolonged exercise. This article was published in Nutrition and referenced in Journal of Metabolic Syndrome

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version