alexa Diets rich in saturated n-9 and n-3 fatty acids differentially affect the fatty acid composition of phospholipids and function of rat platelets.


Natural Products Chemistry & Research

Author(s): Andriamampandry MD, Leray C, Gutbier G, Freund M, Cassel D,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The aim of the present study was to determine whether dietary intake of monounsaturated or long chain n-3 fatty acids could be effective in lowering platelet responsiveness through modulation of platelet phospholipid composition. Rats were fed diets containing 20\% fat with equal cholesterol and 13a-tocopherol contents. These diets were supplemented with saturated, oleic or n-3 fatty acids, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids being added either pure, as eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic ethyl esters, or as MaxEPA oil. Dietary n-3 fatty acids did not affect the oxidation status of plasma lipids. Oleic acid- and saturated fatty acid-rich diets led to similar enrichment of platelet phospholipids in arachidonic acid and to comparable thromboxane A(2) generation on stimulation with collagen or thrombin. Platelets of n-3-fed groups were differently enriched in eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids at the expense of arachidonic acid. These groups displayed similar thromboxane A(2) production, although levels were lower than those for groups fed with oleic- or saturated fatty acid-rich diets. Only the MaxEPA diet led to a reduction in platelet reactivity, measurable as a small decrease in the aggregation induced by collagen. This diet was also responsible for a high cholesteroUphospholipid ratio and low a-tocopherol content in platelets. Overall results indicated that (i) only MaxEPA reduced platelet reactivity and (ii) this effect was moderate and apparently unrelated to platelet arachidonic acid content, membrane cholesterol to phospholipid ratio or thromboxane A(2) production. This article was published in Platelets and referenced in Natural Products Chemistry & Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version