Author(s): Fawzi ZO, Fakhro NA, Nabhan RA, Alloueche A, Scott CS
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Abstract Of 1014 samples submitted for full blood count analysis and malaria screening, 854 were designated malaria-negative by blood film microscopy, 79 were unequivocally identified as Plasmodium vivax and 81 as P. falciparum. All samples were additionally analysed with the Abbott Cell-Dyn CD4000 haematology instrument, and leucocyte differential plots of 90 degrees polarized vs. 90 degrees depolarized (NEU-EOS plot) and 90 degrees depolarized vs. 0 degree light (EOS I plot) scatter were specifically examined for abnormal depolarization patterns. Depolarization pattern types were correlated with microscopy (species) results, and these correlations were consolidated by polymerase chain reaction analysis. All 854 microscopically-designated malaria-negative samples showed a type 1 (normal) CD4000 depolarization pattern. Abnormal pattern types 2, 3a and 3b were entirely restricted to one of the two malaria categories. Plasmodium falciparum malaria showed two CD4000 pattern types only; a 'normal' type 1 pattern was seen in 36/75 (48\%) cases and the remaining 39 cases were all abnormal pattern type 3a. In contrast, most (79/85) P. vivax malaria cases showed a distinctive clustered EOS I population (types 2 and 3b patterns) that was not seen with P. falciparum. Automated depolarization analysis provides an effective means of detecting malaria-associated haemozoin, and the patterns of intracellular haemozoin further appear to provide species differentiation between P. falciparum and P. vivax.
This article was published in Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy