alexa Differences in IL-10 and IL-12 production patterns and differences in the effects of acute ethanol treatment on macrophages in vivo and in vitro.


Journal of Psychiatry

Author(s): Pruett SB, Fan R, Zheng Q, Schwab C

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Several recent studies have documented that signaling can be fundamentally different in vivo and in vitro. However, studies of signaling and cytokine production by macrophages are often conducted in vitro, without confirmation in vivo. In addition, the direct effects of drugs and chemicals, including ethanol, on these processes are also often investigated in vitro. The purpose of the present study was to compare production of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-10, and IL-12 by macrophages in response to two different ligands for toll-like receptors and the effects of acute ethanol exposure on these responses in vivo and in vitro. The macrophage-like cell line RAW 264.7 is also widely used in cytokine and signaling studies, so these cells were also evaluated in this study. The results indicate that IL-6 production and the effects of Ethanol on IL-6 were similar in vivo and in vitro. In contrast, IL-10 was produced to a much greater extent in vitro than in vivo, and IL-12 was often undetectable in vitro even though it was produced at greater concentrations than IL-10 in vivo. To determine the role of altered secretion of preformed IL-10 as compared to new synthesis, cells were treated in vitro with protein and mRNA synthesis inhibitors. The results suggest that preformed IL-10 is released in vivo, but almost all IL-10 secreted in vitro is newly synthesized. Ethanol suppressed IL-12 and enhanced or had no effect on IL-10 production in vivo, whereas it decreased IL-10 production in vitro. These effects were similar at different times and using different concentrations of toll-like receptor ligands. In general, RAW 264.7 cells responded similarly to peritoneal macrophages in vitro. This suggests that results for cytokine studies and probably signaling studies as well that are conducted in vitro should be interpreted with caution and confirmed in vivo, particularly if they involve IL-10 and IL-12. This article was published in Alcohol and referenced in Journal of Psychiatry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version