Author(s): Viscogliosi C, Desrosiers J, Belleville S, Caron CD, Ska B BRAD Group
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Abstract This study compared participation following a stroke according to the presence of specific cognitive deficits. Participation is defined as the involvement of a person in daily activities and social roles. Three weeks after being discharged home, 197 older adults (aged 65 years and older) who had a stroke were evaluated using the Assessment of Life Habits, which includes 12 domains of daily activities and social roles. The presence of a cognitive deficit was determined by the scores obtained on tests assessing memory, visual perception, language, unilateral attention, and the inhibition component of executive functions. After adjusting for depressive symptoms, time since stroke, and comorbidities, five of the domains of participation are significantly more restricted by some cognitive deficits. Memory deficits affect the communication (p = .006) and leisure (p = .032) domains. In the presence of visual perception deficits, the nutrition (p = .019), communication (p = .004), and responsibilities (p < .0005) domains are more limited. Language deficits have an impact on several domains of participation, namely communication (p < .0005), responsibilities (p < .0005), community life (p = .001), and leisure (p = .021). Unilateral neglect and deficits in the inhibition component of executive functions are not found to restrict participation. Overall, participation after stroke is related to cognitive function. Looking carefully at individual domains of activities and roles provides essential information in guiding rehabilitation interventions aimed at enhancing participation after discharge.
This article was published in Appl Neuropsychol
and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research