alexa Differences in susceptibility to inactivation of human aldehyde dehydrogenases by lipid peroxidation byproducts.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

Author(s): YovalSnchez B, RodrguezZavala JS

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Abstract Aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDHs) are involved in the detoxification of aldehydes generated as byproducts of lipid peroxidation. In this work, it was determined that, among the three most studied human ALDH isoforms, ALDH2 showed the highest catalytic efficiency for oxidation of acrolein, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE), and malondialdehyde. ALDH1A1 also exhibited significant activity with these substrates, whereas ALDH3A1 only showed activity with 4-HNE. ALDH2 was also the most sensitive isoform to irreversible inactivation by these compounds. Remarkably, ALDH3A1 was insensitive to these aldehydes even at concentrations as high as 20 mM. Formation of adducts of ALDH1A1 and ALDH2 with acrolein increased their K(d) values for NAD(+) by 2- and 3-fold, respectively. NADH exerted a higher protection than propionaldehyde to the inactivation by acrolein, and this protection was additive. These results suggested that both binding sites, those for aldehyde and NAD(+) in ALDH2, are targets for the inactivation by lipid peroxidation products. Thus, with the advantage of being relatively inactivation-insensitive, ALDH1A1 and ALDH3A1 may be actively participating in the detoxification of these aldehydes in the cells. © 2012 American Chemical Society This article was published in Chem Res Toxicol and referenced in Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

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