Author(s): Matsubayashi H, Watanabe H, Ajioka Y, Nishikura K, Yamano M,
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Abstract Clinically, differential diagnosis of pancreatic carcinoma (PC) and so-called "mass-forming pancreatitis (MFP)" is difficult. We analyzed the amount, ductal level, and K-ras mutation of ductal hyperplasia and intraductal carcinoma in surgically resected cases of MFP (n = 18) and PC (n = 16). DNAs extracted from microdissected epithelial foci were analyzed for K-ras codon 12 mutation by nested polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism. The histology of MFP showed severe destruction of exocrine tissue and pancreatic stones and/or protein plugs (72\%, 13 of 18 cases) in mostly peripheral ducts. The average basal membrane lengths of nonpapillary and papillary hyperplasia in cases of carcinoma were about 4 and 15 times more than those of MFP, respectively. The frequency of K-ras mutation in hyperplastic foci increased from nonpapillary [six (27\%) of 22] to papillary foci [16 (64\%) of 25] in K-ras mutant PCs, but there was no difference between nonpapillary [one (6\%) of 18] and papillary foci (none of 19) in K-ras wild-type PCs, and also between nonpapillary (none of 24) and papillary foci [one (7\%) of 14] in MFPs.
This article was published in Pancreas
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy