Author(s): Kroumova AB, Wagner GJ
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Abstract Two common pathways are known for elongation of aliphatic acids via acetate in biological organisms: the fatty acid synthase (FAS) and the alpha-ketoacid elongation (alphaKAE) pathways. The alphaKAE route is utilized in many biosynthetic pathways, including the tricarboxylic acid cycle, leucine biosynthesis, and in formation of coenzyme B, glucosinolates, alpha-ketoadipate, sugar-ester acyl acids, short-chain alcohols of yeast and Clostridium species, 2-amino-4-methylhex-4-enoic acid, and l-gamma-phenyl butyrine. In the FAS route, both carbons from acetyl-acyl carrier protein are retained per elongation cycle, while in the alphaKAE route only one carbon from acetyl-coenzyme A is retained. Available evidence indicates that different members of the family Solanaceae may use one or the other of these elongation mechanisms in the synthesis of acyl groups of trichome-exuded sugar esters. In both, precursors for elongation are derived from branched-chain amino acid metabolism. Here we compared radiolabeling patterns in sugar-ester acyl groups from trichomes (the specific tissue in which sugar esters are synthesized) of the tobaccos, Nicotiana benthamiana, N. gossei, N. glutinosa, of Petunia x hybrida cv. Falcon Red & White, and Datura metel, and epidermal peels of Lycopsersicon pennellii after their synthesis from [2-(14)C]-, [1-(14)C]- and [1,2-(14)C]acetate. Recovered acyl acids were purified and then degraded to determine label distribution between the carboxyl termini and the remainder of the molecules. Six- and 20-h incubations were studied, and membrane fatty acids were monitored as internal controls for FAS-mediated elongation. Results are consistent with participation of alphaKAE in synthesis of sugar-ester acyl groups of tobaccos and petunia, but apparently FAS is utilized in the formation of these groups in L. pennellii and D. metel.
This article was published in Planta
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability