alexa Different growth patterns of non-small cell lung cancer represent distinct biologic subtypes.


Journal of Lung Cancer Diagnosis & Treatment

Author(s): Sardari Nia P

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BACKGROUND: We have recently shown the prognostic value of growth pattern classification in non-small cell lung cancer. The aim of this study is to validate the hypothesis that these growth patterns have a distinct angiogenic and proliferative profile.

METHODS: Hematoxylin-eosin stained tissue sections of 239 patients with non-small cell lung cancer were classified into growth patterns. One representative tissue section per patient was double immunostained with CD34 and Ki-67 antibodies. Endothelial cell proliferation fraction, tumor cell proliferation fraction, microvessel density, and Chalkley count were assessed at the invading front and the center of the selected tumor section.

RESULTS: According to the growth pattern classification, 161 patients (67.4%) had a destructive, 33 (13.8%) a papillary, and 45 (18.8%) an alveolar growth pattern. There were significant differences in endothelial cell proliferation fraction (p < 0.001), tumor cell proliferation fraction (p < 0.001), microvessel density (p < 0.001), and Chalkley count (p < 0.001) between the growth patterns. Multiple Cox regression analysis showed that a low endothelial cell proliferation fraction was consistently an independent prognostic factor for overall poor (hazard ratio = 0.93; confidence interval: 0.88 to 0.97, p = 0.002) and disease-free survival (hazard ratio = 0.94; confidence interval: 0.89 to 0.98, p = 0.007).

CONCLUSIONS: Growth patterns have a distinct angiogenic and proliferative profile. In non-small cell lung cancer, a low degree of angiogenesis (a low endothelial cell proliferation fraction) is associated with poor prognosis.

This article was published in Ann Thorac Surg and referenced in Journal of Lung Cancer Diagnosis & Treatment

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