alexa Different patterns of mandibular fractures in children. An analysis of 220 fractures in 157 patients.


Journal of Arthritis

Author(s): Thorn H, Iizuka T, Hallikainen D, Lindqvist C

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Abstract 157 paediatric patients with a total of 220 mandibular fractures were evaluated retrospectively. All patients had been examined with the aid of orthopantomography. 72\% of the children had fractures in the condylar region. The patients were divided into four age groups according to the development of the dentition (group A: 0-5 years, B: 6-9 years, C: 10-12 years, and D: 13-15 years). Bicycle accidents and falls were the two main causes of the fractures in all age groups. However, there were significant differences in the causes and location of the fractures between groups A+B and C+D. The proportion of condylar fractures decreased and the proportion of body and angle fractures increased with increasing age; fractures in the horizontal part of the mandible were mainly observed in groups C and D. Both aetiological factors and fracture patterns in the patients older than 10 years of age resembled those of adults. The differences observed should be taken into consideration in studies concerning mandibular fractures in paediatric patients. In this respect the age limit between the adult and child should probably be lowered significantly.
This article was published in J Craniomaxillofac Surg and referenced in Journal of Arthritis

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