alexa Different protein kinase families are activated by osmotic stresses in Arabidopsis thaliana cell suspensions. Involvement of the MAP kinases AtMPK3 and AtMPK6.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Author(s): Droillard M, Boudsocq M, BarbierBrygoo H, Laurire C

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Abstract Five Ca(2+)-independent protein kinases were rapidly activated by hypoosmotic stress, moderate or high hyperosmolarity induced by several osmolytes, sucrose, mannitol or NaCl. Three of these kinases, transiently activated by hypoosmolarity, recognised by anti-phosphorylated mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase antibodies, sensitive to a MAP kinase inhibitor and inactivated by the action of a tyrosine phosphatase, corresponded to MAP kinases. Using specific antibodies, two of the MAP kinases were identified as AtMPK6 and AtMPK3. The two other protein kinases, durably activated by high hyperosmolarity, did not belong to the MAP kinase family. Activation of AtMPK6 and AtMPK3 by hypoosmolarity depended on upstream protein kinases sensitive to staurosporine and on calcium influx. In contrast, these two transduction steps were not involved in the activation of the two protein kinases activated by high hyperosmolarity.
This article was published in FEBS Lett and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

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