Author(s): Brs V, Tagami H, Ploponse JM, Loret E, Jeang KT, , Brs V, Tagami H, Ploponse JM, Loret E, Jeang KT,
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Abstract The HIV-1 transactivator protein, Tat, is an atypical transcriptional activator that functions through binding, not to DNA, but to a short leader RNA, TAR. Although details of its functional mechanism are still unknown, emerging findings suggest that Tat serves primarily to adapt co-activator complexes such as p300, PCAF and P-TEFb to the HIV-1 long terminal repeat. Hence, an understanding of how Tat interacts with these cofactors is crucial. It has recently been shown that acetylation at a single lysine, residue 50, regulated the association of Tat with PCAF. Here, we report that in the absence of Tat acetylation, PCAF binds to amino acids 20-40 within Tat. Interestingly, acetylation of Tat at Lys28 abrogates Tat-PCAF interaction. Acetylation at Lys50 creates a new site for binding to PCAF and dictates the formation of a ternary complex of Tat-PCAF-P-TEFb. Thus, differential lysine acetylation of Tat coordinates the interactions with its co-activators, cyclin T1 and PCAF. Our results may help in understanding the ordered recruitment of Tat co-activators to the HIV-1 promoter.
This article was published in EMBO J
and referenced in HIV: Current Research