Author(s): Crowe SR, Turner SJ, Miller SC, Roberts AD, Rappolo RA,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract The specificity of CD8+ T cell responses can vary dramatically between primary and secondary infections. For example, NP366-374/Db- and PA224-233/Db-specific CD8+ T cells respond in approximately equal numbers to a primary influenza virus infection in C57BL/6 mice, whereas NP366-374/Db-specific CD8+ T cells dominate the secondary response. To investigate the mechanisms underlying this changing pattern of immunodominance, we analyzed the role of antigen presentation in regulating the specificity of the T cell response. The data show that both dendritic and nondendritic cells are able to present the NP366-374/Db epitope, whereas only dendritic cells effectively present the PA224-233/Db epitope after influenza virus infection, both in vitro and in vivo. This difference in epitope expression favored the activation and expansion of NP366-374/Db-specific CD8+ memory T cells during secondary infection. The data also show that the immune response to influenza virus infection may involve T cells specific for epitopes, such as PA224-233/Db, that are poorly expressed at the site of infection. In this regard, vaccination with the PA224-233 peptide actually had a detrimental effect on the clearance of a subsequent influenza virus infection. Thus, differential antigen presentation impacts both the specificity of the T cell response and the efficacy of peptide-based vaccination strategies.
This article was published in J Exp Med
and referenced in Clinical Depression