alexa Differential cis-regulation of human versus mouse TERT gene expression in vivo: identification of a human-specific repressive element.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Cell & Developmental Biology

Author(s): Horikawa I, Chiang YJ, Patterson T, Feigenbaum L, Leem SH,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In vivo expression of human telomerase is significantly different from that of mouse telomerase. To assess the basis for this difference, a bacterial artificial chromosome clone containing the entire hTERT (human telomerase reverse transcriptase) gene was introduced in mice. In these transgenic mice, expression of the hTERT transgene was similar to that of endogenous hTERT in humans, rather than endogenous mTERT (mouse telomerase reverse transcriptase). In tissues and cells showing a striking difference in expression levels between hTERT in humans and mTERT in mice (i.e., liver, kidney, lung, uterus, and fibroblasts), expression of the hTERT transgene in transgenic mice was repressed, mimicking hTERT in humans. The transcriptional activity of the hTERT promoter was much lower than that of the mTERT promoter in mouse embryonic fibroblasts or human fibroblasts. Mutational analysis of the hTERT and mTERT promoters revealed that a nonconserved GC-box within the hTERT promoter was responsible for the human-specific repression. These results reveal that a difference in cis-regulation of transcription, rather than transacting transcription factors, is critical to species differences in tissue-specific TERT expression. Our data also suggest that the GC-box-mediated, human-specific mechanism for TERT repression is impaired in human cancers. This study represents a detailed characterization of the functional difference in a gene promoter of mice versus humans and provides not only important insight into species-specific regulation of telomerase and telomeres but also an experimental basis for generating mice humanized for telomerase enzyme and its pattern of expression.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A and referenced in Cell & Developmental Biology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords