alexa Differential contributions of APC subsets to T cell activation in nonobese diabetic mice.
Medicine

Medicine

Translational Medicine

Author(s): Marleau AM, Summers KL, Singh B

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Despite the pivotal role of dendritic cells (DC) in shaping immunity, little is known about their functionality in type 1 diabetes. Moreover, due to the paucity of DC in vivo, functional studies have relied largely upon in vitro-expanded cells to elucidate type 1 diabetes-associated functional abnormalities. In this study, we provide a comprehensive analysis of the functional capabilities of in vivo-derived DC subsets from NOD mice by comparing DC to other NOD APC types and to DC from autoimmune-resistant strains. NOD DC closely resemble those from nonautoimmune strains with respect to costimulation and cytokine production. The exception is the CD8alpha(+)CD11b(-)DC subset which is numerically reduced in NOD spleens, but not in the pancreatic lymph nodes, while DC from both tissues produce little IL-12 in this strain. This defect results in unusual deferral toward macrophage-derived IL-12 in NOD mice; NOD macrophages produce aberrantly high IL-12 levels that can overcompensate for the DC defect in Th1 polarization. APC subset use for autoantigen presentation also differs in NOD mice. NOD B cells overshadow DC at activating islet-reactive T cells, whereas DC and B cells in NOD-resistant mice are functionally comparable. Differential involvement of APC subsets in T cell activation and tolerance induction may prove to be a crucial factor in the selection and expansion of autoreactive T cells.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Translational Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]nline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords