alexa Differential effects of caffeine on dopamine and acetylcholine transmission in brain areas of drug-naive and caffeine-pretreated rats.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Acquas E, Tanda G, Di Chiara G

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The effects of caffeine on extracellular dopamine and acetylcholine have been studied in freely moving rats implanted with concentric microdialysis probes in the nucleus accumbens shell and core and in the medial prefrontal cortex. Intravenous administration of caffeine (0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 2.5 and 5.0 mg/kg) dose-dependently increased dopamine and acetylcholine dialysate concentrations in the medial prefrontal cortex, while it did not affect dialysate dopamine in the shell and core of the nucleus accumbens. Intraperitoneal administration of caffeine (1.5, 3, 10, 30 mg/kg) also failed to affect DA in the shell and core of the nucleus accumbens. Such effects were duplicated by intravenous administration of DPCPX, a selective antagonist of adenosine A1 receptors, and of SCH 58261, an antagonist of A2a receptors. The effect of caffeine on prefrontal dopamine and acetylcholine transmission was also studied in rats chronically administered with caffeine (25 mg/kg, twice a day for seven days). At the end of this treatment rats became tolerant to the locomotor stimulating effects of a dose of 1 and 2.5 mg/kg i.v. of caffeine; these doses, however, still increased dialysate acetylcholine but did not affect dopamine in the prefrontal cortex. Therefore, in rats made tolerant to the locomotor stimulant effects of caffeine, tolerance developed to the dopamine stimulant but not to the acetylcholine stimulant effect of caffeine in the prefrontal cortex. The lack of acute stimulation of dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens shell by caffeine is relevant to the issue of its addictive properties and of the role of DA in drug- and substance-addiction. On the other hand, the dissociation between tolerance to the locomotor effects of caffeine and stimulation of acetylcholine release in the prefrontal cortex suggests that this effect might be correlated to the arousing effects of caffeine as distinct from its locomotor stimulant properties. This article was published in Neuropsychopharmacology and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords